Opposites attract. Unions between bulk natives and wedding migrants in Sweden

Opposites attract. Unions between bulk natives and wedding migrants in Sweden

European countries, Family, immigrants, interracial wedding, Marriage, Migration

Wedding using the possibility of migration may result in brand brand new habits of union development in globalized wedding areas. Annika Elwert talks about traits and marriage habits of http://besthookupwebsites.org/ferzu-review bulk natives who will be in unions with immigrants whom either lived into the nation before union development or migrated around the full time of wedding, and provides insights about bulk natives’ openness towards different immigrant teams within the wedding market.

Wedding migration defines the way it is of individuals who marry because of the reason for migration: their wedding happens before or at across the exact same time as the work of migration. Wedding migration is an illustration of the globalisation of wedding markets, due for example to worldwide tourism and the world wide web (Niedomysl et al. 2010), and provides almost all populace the chance to “cast a wider net” for dating and wedding. For potential immigrants, wedding migration is visible as a road to finding a residence license. People from non-EU nations can buy a residence license in Sweden when you’re cohabiting or married with an individual who currently lives in Sweden (Swedish Migration Agency 2020).

Immigrant-native intermarriage in Sweden

Intermarriage between immigrants and natives has grown generally in most countries that are european previous years and it is closely pertaining to the percentage of immigrants in the united kingdom (Lanzieri 2012). Presently, very nearly 19 % of Sweden’s population is foreign-born, which can be greater than within the U.S., the U.K. or Germany (OECD 2020). Intermarriage prices in Sweden have increased constantly since the 1970s, and also the enhance happens to be somewhat steeper for guys compared to women. Between 1990 and 2009, the share of immigrant-native marriages increased from 8 to 13 per cent for males, but just from 7 to 9 percent for females (Elwert 2018). Past research indicates that brand new intermarriage habits have actually emerged alongside the habits of regular wedding between Swedes and immigrants of Nordic nations. From every 1,000 unmarried guys aged 18 and above in 2008, around six hitched an EU partner while 11 hitched a wife from outside of the EU; the number that is corresponding the latter in 1991 had been around three (Haandrikman 2014).


The outcomes reveal that Swedish guys who will be older, have reduced socio-economic status, are divorced or have actually kids from past relationships have actually greater probability of being in a union with a married relationship migrant than by having a resident migrant. Additionally, Swedish ladies with reduced socio-economic status have actually greater chances than ladies with a high socio-economic status to be in a native-marriage union that is migrant. Age space between lovers can be highly related to unions with marriage migrants both for gents and ladies: unions with significantly younger lovers (seven years or maybe more) are reasonably more regular whenever wedding migrants are participating. Conversely, academic distinctions usually do not appear to play a role that is significant the wedding market in Sweden.

Figure 1 compares wedding migrants to resident immigrants that are in a union having a native. It shows the habits of native-marriage migrant unions in accordance with native-resident migrant unions, showing that even if accounting for background facets (including the age and education of lovers, an entire list is into the figure note), unions in which the immigrant partner is seven or maybe more years more youthful are fairly much more likely whenever marriage migrants may take place. Nonetheless, this isn’t the situation for many origins: the event emerges in specific with lovers from main and Europe that is eastern America, Asia or Africa. The immigrant teams among who unions with big age gaps are far more typical may also be people that have reasonably low status in the natives’ wedding market (Osanami Torngren 2016; Potarca & Mills 2015), and generally are viewed as “less attractive”.

The findings with this research declare that intermarriages include a trade of age and cultural status, especially of age and residence permit that is prospective. This means immigrants belonging to groups that are immigrant as less appealing by bulk natives be much more appealing whether they have one thing to provide in trade: age, notably.

This relationship happens to be found both for guys and ladies (see Figure 2), which suggests that both value younger age when you look at the wedding market (and never, as an example, males preferring more youthful partners and females preferring more educated lovers). This choosing is just one more indicator for the advanced level of sex equality in Sweden.

This research illustrates that the boundaries between immigrants and bulk natives are manifested not just by the exclusion of immigrants of particular ethnicities through the pool of wedding lovers but also by their addition whether they have one thing to supply in exchange. Within the Swedish situation, this can be probably be age.


Elwert, A. (2018). Are you going to intermarry me personally? Determinants and consequences of immigrant-native intermarriage in modern Nordic settings. Lund: Lund University, Media-Tryck.

Elwert, A (2019). Opposites Attract: Assortative Mating and Immigrant–Native Intermarriage in Modern Sweden. European Journal of Population.

Gordon, M. M. (1964). Assimilation in United states life: The part of competition, faith, and origins that are national ed.). Nyc: Oxford University Press.

Haandrikman, K. (2014). Binational marriages in Sweden: Is there an EU impact? Population, area and put, 20(2), 177–199.

Lanzieri, G. (2012). Blended marriages in European countries, 1990–2010. In D.-S. Kim (Ed.), Cross-border wedding: international styles and variety (pp. 81–121). Seoul: Korea Institute for health insurance and Social Affairs (KIHASA).

Niedomysl, T., Osth, J., & van Ham, M. (2010). The globalisation of wedding industries: The case that is swedish. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36(7), 1119–1138

OECD (2020). Foreign-born populace (indicator). doi: 10.1787/5a368e1b-en (Accessed on 19 May 2020)

Osanami Torngren, S. (2016). Attitudes toward interracial marriages while the role of interracial

connections in Sweden. Ethnicities, 16(4), 568–588.

Potarca, G., & Mills, M. (2015). Racial choices in online dating sites across europe. European Sociological Review, 31(3), 326–341


? The groups under research are Swedish-born people who have two parents that are swedish-born foreign-born people, for example. immigrants. Native-born people who have foreign-born moms and dads are excluded. Citizenship is certainly not seen in this information extract.

? Reason for residence license is not seen in the information extract. To aid the declare that residence license is a vehicle that is important these marriages, I compare how many wedding migrants identified when you look at the information extract because of the wide range of adult immigrants have been issued family-related residence allows when it comes to most typical marriage-migrant nations. This contrast implies that how many wedding migrants identified when you look at the information is the reason 20 to 50 % of most family-related residence allows, only a few of that have been awarded to immigrants having married Swedish majority lovers. a big percentage of immigrants with family-related licenses have been in unions with immigrants or second-generation immigrants.

? Cohabiting unions without common kiddies cannot be identified in this information extract.

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