Divorce and marriage statistics. A growth in births outside marriage

Divorce and marriage statistics. A growth in births outside marriage

Information removed in might 2021.

Prepared article up-date: May 2022.

In 2019, the cheapest crude marriage prices in the EU were reported in Italy (3.1 marriages per 1 000 individuals), Slovenia and Portugal (3.2).

In 2019, the best crude marriage prices in the EU were reported in Cyprus (8.9 marriages per 1 000 persons), Lithuania (7.0), Latvia and Hungary (6.7).

In 2019, the greatest crude breakup prices in the EU were reported in Latvia, Lithuania and Luxembourg (all 3.1 divorces per 1 000 people).

In 2019, births outside wedding outnumbered births inside wedding in 9 EU Member States: France, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Portugal, Sweden, Denmark, Estonia, Belgium plus the Netherlands.

This short article presents developments which have occurred pertaining to family members development and dissolution with an analysis of wedding and breakup indicators. Wedding, as identified by the legislation of each and every nation, is certainly thought to mark the forming of a family group device. But, the analysis of styles in household development and dissolution predicated on simply wedding and divorce or separation information may well not provide a complete photo. Appropriate alternatives to wedding, like registered partnership, have grown to be more extensive and legislations that are national changed to confer more liberties on unmarried couples. Similarly, with divorce or separation being made procedurally easier, it really is harder to offer data that are reliable.

How many marriages per 1 000 persons reduced in the EU-27 in current years, although the quantity of divorces increased. Nevertheless, those two styles appear to have slowed up in the last few years. A rise in the proportion of young ones who’re created to unmarried couples ended up being additionally seen, along with a loss of kids born inside wedding.

Less marriages, more divorces

Some 1.9 million marriages and an approximated 0.8 million divorces happened into the EU in 2019, based on the many present information available for many EU Member States. These numbers might be expressed as 4.3 marriages for every single 1 000 persons (put differently the marriage that is crude) and 1.8 divorces for every single 1 000 individuals (to phrase it differently the crude divorce proceedings price). The absolute most current information available for marriages is from 2018 for France; as well as divorces it’s 2017 for Ireland and Greece, and 2016 for France.

Since 1964 (the first 12 months from whenever we offer data), the crude wedding price within the EU has declined by near to 50 percent in general terms (from 8.0 per 1 000 people in 1964 to 4.3 in 2019). The crude divorce rate has more than doubled, increasing from 0.8 per 1 000 persons in 1964 to 1.8 in 2019 at the same time. Element of this enhance can be as a result of the known undeniable fact that in many EU Member States divorce proceedings had been legalised in those times (for instance, in Italy, Spain, Ireland and Malta).

Table 1 implies that in 2019, the best marriage that is crude had been in Cyprus (8.9 marriages per 1 000 individuals) and Lithuania (7.0). The cheapest crude wedding prices had been reported in Italy (3.1 marriages per 1 000 individuals), Slovenia and Portugal (both 3.2). Into the prospect nations, the crude wedding price ended up being generally more than the EU average. It ranged between 5.1 marriages per 1 000 people in Serbia and 7 .9 in Albania. One of the EFTA nations, the crude wedding rate had been designed for Norway (4.0 marriages per 1 000 individuals) and Switzerland (4.5).

outside wedding

The percentage of real time births outside wedding has revealed an ever-increasing trend in days gone by years, very nearly doubling since 1993 if this information was initially available in the EU at 17.7 percent. In 2019 this percentage had been projected at 42.7 percent (see dining dining Table 3) meaning that 57.3 percent of kiddies had been created in marriage. The absolute most current information available for Belgium is 2018 as well as for Malta 2013. This share is signaling brand brand new habits of household formation alongside the greater traditional pattern where kiddies were created within wedding. Extramarital births take place in non-marital relationships, among cohabiting couples also to lone moms and dads.

Extramarital births outnumbered births inside wedding in a number of EU Member States, particularly France (where 61 per cent of births took place outside wedding), Bulgaria (58.4 percent), Slovenia (57.7 %), Portugal (56.8 percent), Sweden (54.5 per cent), Denmark (54.1 %), Estonia (53.7 percent), Belgium (52.6 per cent, 2018 information) plus the Netherlands (52.4 percent), along with Iceland (69.4 per cent) and Norway (57.6 percent) one of the EFTA nations. Greece is at one other end for the range where significantly more than 87 per cent of births took place within wedding. In Turkey this share had been since high as 97.2 percent.

Studying the latest data that are available extramarital births increased in 14 EU Member States in 2019 in contrast to 2018. Nonetheless, in certain nations we spot the other trend: for instance Hungary, Latvia and Poland reveal a decrease into the percentage of extramarital births when you look at the latest years. The exact same does work for Iceland, Turkey and Kosovo, as the percentage of extramarital births increased in 2019 in contrast to 2018 in Norway, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, North Macedonia and Serbia.

Supply information for tables and graphs

Information sources

Eurostat compiles information about an array of demographic information, including information in the wide range of marriages by intercourse and past status that is marital data concerning the quantity of divorces. Information regarding the wide range of real time births in accordance with the mother’s status that is marital be employed to create an indicator that displays the percentage of births outside wedding.


The household device is really a changing concept: exactly exactly what this means become a part of a family group in addition to objectives folks have of family members relationships differ over time and area, which makes it difficult to get a universally agreed and used definition. Appropriate alternatives to marriage, like subscribed partnerships, are becoming more extensive and legislation that is national changed to confer more liberties on unmarried and exact same intercourse partners. Alongside these brand brand new forms that are legal other styles of non-marital relationships have actually showed up, rendering it harder for statisticians to gather information inside this domain that may be contrasted across nations.

Because of variations in the timing and recognition that is formal of habits of family members development and dissolution, these principles are becoming more challenging to determine in training. Analysts of demographic data consequently gain access to reasonably couple of complete and data that are reliable with which in order to make evaluations in the long run and between or within nations.

The EU happens to be going right through a time period of demographic and change that is societal. The outbreak associated with the COVID-19 pandemic will keep a lasting effect on the way in which we reside and come together. The outbreak arrived at any given time whenever European countries had been already going right on through a amount of profound demographic and societal modification. Additional information of this work associated with the Commission that is european 2019-2024 tackle the effect of demographic improvement in European countries are located in the European Commission devoted pages.

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